Project type: Urban / Housing
Client: The Housing Finance and Development Centre of Finland
Location: Lahti, Finland
Status: competition, settled
Project team: Mihai Bușe, Márton Tövissi
The Sopenkorpi district of the city of Lahti is slowly transforming from an industrial / working area to a working / housing area. The competition asked for a new direction of development and for a sustainable housing typology for the year 2049. Our proposal studies the possibilities of growth, keeping the valuable constructions and using them in the new concept as reference points. Public squares with different orientations are linked to the existing industrial buildings in order to maintain the identity of the place. The public space gains more importance, the streets are shared for pedestrian, bicycle and car traffic.
The new city blocks are seen as autonomous small communities, with mixed age and social status. There is a strong interaction inside the block and on the larger scale too. The blocks have their own workshops, rental and common spaces, fields for urban farming. A decentralized educational system is proposed, so every block has its own classrooms, which are used by children and adults too. The different courses take place in different city blocks, providing a great variety of experience and a much stronger relation to the city for the young generations.
The detailed block has a spacious inner courtyard. On the ground floor there are ateliers for local production, a small restaurant, an exhibition space, a shop, a multifunctional space with common kitchen, a pastry, an educational unit with three rooms and a rental space. Each two staircases have a common room oriented to the inner courtyard. The apartments are flexible. The bathrooms and service rooms are organized near the staircases, leaving the inner field free. The apartments can be arranged as one big single room or to be divided in 3-5 rooms with mobile walls. There are large terraces on the south sides of the building and big sliding windows on both side. The roofs are used for urban farming.
The blocks have their own car sharing system, and because of the small number of cars there is no need to build underground parking. Therefore, the new buildings are cheaper but the quality of living grows. The concept of the urban block as a community supports the interaction between people. The different generations can help out each other, taking part constructively in a self-sustaining community.